Social Impacts – When Africans reached America or the caribbean they were completely unfamiliar with the land and people, even with the other Africans. Everyone in Africa does not speak the same language, their is great diversity among Africa. They have cultures that speak a variety of languages, practice different religions, and have different beliefs. Socially Africans in American were alone, they had no way to socialize with anyone. This was a consequence because amidst all of these horrible changes and going to work your life away for someone, you had no friend to talk to. This is also how creole evolved. It was a mix of languages Africans combined and adapted to so they could try and make somewhat of a relationship with other slaves. The middle passage made it even worse. The 2-3 month journey crammed next to people you don’t know would not be ideal. Typically slaves were given two feet of moving room and that is generous, it depends on the captain to how many slaves they would cram into the ship. The more they packed in their, usually the more slaves that contracted a disease and died. They would also chain men but not women for several reasons. First, men were stronger and able to put up more of a fight. Women usually weren’t tied up because crew members used them for their sexual wants. Socially, for women this would be traumatizing, because they have no one to look for, for help. During the middle passage many slaves died from diseases, but many also became suicidal and killed themselves.11 and a half million Africans were transported from Africa and 15% died during the middle passage. Africans paid a huge cost when it came to slavery. They were stripped of their lives and forced to work for little to no income.
Economic Impacts – After the transatlantic slave trade is when chattel slavery became huge. It was no linger indentured slaves or white indentured slaves it was african american chattel slavery. In america the economy boomed from the huge increase in products to trade with other countries. Cotton was a huge money maker, especially after Eli Whitney created the cotton gin. He meant to help end slavery but did just the opposite.
Cultural Impacts – Africa is a very culturally diverse continent as many do not know. When enslaved most were not allowed to practice their beliefs which was very difficult because it was a huge part of their lives. Some slaves practiced Christianity to try and become free, but then a slave code was created to avoid that from happening. Eventually, many mixed their practices/religion with Christianity and created a new religion, it was the best they could get. An example of this would be Santeria. Europeans thought that Africans had lost all of their culture, but this was false.
- Proctor, William G. (1965). Slavery in Southwest Georgia. The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 49(1), pp. 1-22.
- Logan, Frenise A. (1950). Old South Legend. Phylon, Vol. 11(3), pp. 234-239.
- Breiseth, Christopher N. (1975). Lincoln and Frederick Douglass: Another Debate. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Vol. 68(1), pp. 9-26.